The main purpose of writing this book is not only to explain, but also to interpret, the three phases of development of Buddhist thought in India, and how and in what manner it spread out to countries as far away from the land of its origin as Japan. Though the subject may be vast, a conscious effort has been made to explain the complexity of Buddhist philosophical thought in as concise terms as possible.
The first five hundred years, which constitute the initial phase of development, is that of consolidation. The form of Buddhism that developed during this phase is at present known as Theravada, and is prevalent is countries that lie to the south of India. On account of this geographical location of Theravada countries, it is also known as the Southern Buddhism.
The second phase of Buddhism is characterized by the emergence of Mahayana. All those religious features were brought into Buddhism with the inception of Mahayana that are constitutive of folk religiosity. One of the important religious elements that crept into the Buddhist fold was the doctrine of Bodhisattva. Henceforward it would be the Bodhisattva ideal that would catch the imagination of a Buddhist believer. At the philosophical level two most important schools were established, namely, the Madhyamika and the Yogacara-Vijnanavada. Great strides in the realm of art were also made, particularly in architecture, sculpture and painting. The final phase of development is represented by the mergence of Tantricism. At this phase of development archaic religious elements, in the form of magic, became part and parcel of Buddhist practice. Thus begins the process of degeneration of the ideals that the Buddha had enunciated at the time of his Enlightenment.
About the Author:
Moti Lal Pandit is at present working as a Researcher for Areopagos Foundation, Oslo, Norway. He has published papers on comparative religion, and has also published a number of books on Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity. Some of his published books include: In Search of the Absolute; Shankara's Concept of Reality; being as Becoming; Philosophy of the Upanisads; Did Marx Kill God; Religio-philosophical History of Saivism; Buddhism; A Religion of Salvation; The Trika Saivism of Kashmir; Transcendence and Negation; and Sunyata: The Essence of Mahayana Spirituality.