The upanishadic phase ended 600 B.C. and a new phase of Hinduism come into the lime-light which can be said to have associated with great personages; Mahavira and Buddha.
Jainism rejected all orthodox philosophies, not only the Vedantic but also the Samkhya doctrine. As a result, here is a system viz., Jainism, quite original and indigenous to the soil, which has a rich, vast and multifarious literature.
Attempts have been made to study Jainism from philosophical point of view but this book is an effort to evalute Jainism from economic point of view. The study of Jain community is also a part of this attempt.