The Rgveda, the odest literary record of the Aryan race and the sacred book of the Hindus, has very few authentic translations in English. Most of the translations are only the imitations of interpretations which the mediaeval hindus, as represented by Sayana, have offered. Griffith's is the only translation which, though guided by Sayana, ventures to deviate from him widely and frequently. it may be ranked as an independent translation hitherto made in English.
The Rig Veda derive its name from the word Rik which means mantra,. This collection of mantras or hymns was intended for recitation.
The hymns are in praise of the Supreme Being, as well as various gods representing natural phenomena, domestic and abstract gods.
The translation does not include Devanagri script.