Savitri is Sri Aurobindo's revelatory mantric epic poem. The Mother has referred to it as "the supreme revelation of Sri Aurobindo's vision". The writing of Savitri extended over much of the later part of Sri Aurobindo's life. The first known manuscript dates from 1916. By around 1930 he had begun to turn it into an epic with a larger scope and deeper significance.
Transformed into 'A Legend and a Symbol' Savitri became his major literary work which he continued to expand and perfect until his last days. In the late 1940s, when his eyesight was failing, he took the help of a scribe, Nirodbaran, and dictated the extensive final stages of revision. It was the last thing he worked on in the few days before leaving his body in December 1950.
In his 'Author's Note' to the poem, Sri Aurobindo writes :
The Tale of Satyavan and Savitri is
recited in the Mahabharata as a story of conjugal love conquering death. But
this legend is, as shown by many features of the human tale, one of the many
symbolic myths of the Vedic cycle. Satyavan is the soul carrying the divine
truth of being within itself but descended into the grip of death and
ignorance; Savitri is the Divine Word, daughter of the Sun, goddess of the
supreme Truth who comes down and is born to save; Aswapati, the Lord of the
Horse, her human father, is the Lord of Tapasya, the concentrated energy of
spiritual endeavour that helps us to rise from the mortal to the immortal
planes; Dyumatsena, Lord of the Shining Hosts, father of Satyavan, is the
Divine Mind here fallen blind, losing its celestial kingdom of vision, and
through that loss its kingdom of glory. Still this is not a mere allegory, the
characters are not personified qualities, but incarnations or emanations of
living and conscious Forces with whom we can enter into concrete touch and
they take human bodies in order to help man and show him the way from his
mortal state to a divine consciousness and immortal life.
Mother wrote about Savitri:
Savitri, this prophetic vision of the world's history, including the announcement of the earth's future.
The importance of Savitri is immense. Its subject is universal. Its revelation is prophetic. The time spent in its atmosphere is not wasted.
She wrote that Savitri is:
The daily record of the spiritual experiences of the individual who has written.
A complete system of yoga which can serve as a guide for those who want to follow the integral sadhana.
The yoga of the Earth in its ascension towards the Divine.
The experiences of the Divine Mother in her effort to adapt herself to the body she has taken and the ignorance and falsity of the earth upon which She has incarnated.
She said in a dairy containing quotations about Savitri:
Some extracts from Savitri, that marvellous prophetic poem which will be humanity's guide towards its future realisation.
On other occasions she said:
For the opening of the psychic, for the growth of consciousness and even for the improvement of English it is good to read one or two pages of Savitri each day.
I believe that it is his message; all the rest are the preparations, but Savitri is the message.
Savitri is a mantra for the transformation of the world.